Vitamin D

Vitamin D helps regulate the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body. It can also help your immune system fight infection. Supplements are free if you're at high risk of COVID until Feb 21st.

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We all need more Vitamin D

It's important to take vitamin D as you may have been indoors more than usual over the last 12 months.

You should take 10 micrograms (400 IU) of vitamin D a day between October and early March to keep your bones and muscles healthy. Between these months we do not get enough vitamin D from sunlight.

Vitamin D is especially important to people that are clinically vulnerable to coronavirus, for pregnant women, young children and residents with dark skin.

Note - If you are taking existing medication then check with your pharmacist or GP that you are able to take vitamin D supplementation at the same time.

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Advice for pregnant women and young children

Pregnant and breastfeeding women, babies and young children should all ensure they are having the right amount of vitamin D and most will require some form of supplementation to ensure a healthy child and healthy immune system. Some families qualify for Healthy Start vitamins.
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Vitamin D in food

It's found in a small amount of food including oily fish, egg yolks and some fortified cereals. Sunlight and supplementation remains the best source of Vitamin D.
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Vitamin D from sunlight

Most people can make enough vitamin D from being out in the sun daily for short periods with their forearms, hands or lower legs uncovered and without sunscreen from late March/early April to the end of September, especially from 11am to 3pm.
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Vitamin D and ethnicity

People with dark skin, such as those of African, African-Caribbean or south Asian origin, will need to spend longer in the sun to produce the same amount of vitamin D as someone with lighter skin.
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Vitamin D and coronavirus

There have been some reports about vitamin D reducing the risk of coronavirus (COVID-19). But there is currently not enough evidence to support taking vitamin D to prevent or treat coronavirus. However it is clear that Vitamin D helps maintain a healthy body and immune system.
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Vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency is when the body does not have enough vitamin D to properly absorb the required levels of calcium and phosphate.

Mild to moderate vitamin D deficiency can lead to bone pain and weakening of the bones (osteoporosis). This could make you more likely to fracture a bone if you had a fall.

More severe levels of deficiency can lead to the development of rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults.

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